If you’ve undergone a surgical procedure or otherwise experience trauma to the skin with a severe injury, perhaps resulting in stitches, you may be familiar with the body’s sometimes too-slow healing process and the aftermath that can be left behind. When removing a scar, it is important to know they type of scar and identifying the cause. We can categorize scars as hypertrophic (raised) or atrophic (indented) scars. Although it is still not medically known with absolute certainty why scars form for some traumas and not others, it is theorized that it is due to chronic inflammation from start to finish of the healing response, as well as ineffective healing.
Wound healing involves four main phases: hemostasis, inflammation, proliferation, and tissue remodelling or maturation. At the base of the wound, fibroblast cells work to produce new collagen to start to repair the tissue.
If the new collagen becomes cross-linked and heads in a single direction, instead of the normal basket weave pattern found in healthy tissue, a scar will form. Pigmented scars are formed during the initial inflammation phase, while raised and indented scars form during the proliferation and remodelling phases.
Atrophic (Indented) Scars is scarring that is a result of too little collagen production during the wound healing process. In some cases, there may be bonds below the skin which are ‘pulling’ the tissue down intensifying the atrophy.
Hypertrophic (Raised) Scars occur due to ‘over-healing,’ when too much collagen is produced in response to the degree of injury. These scars are usually a deep reddish/brown colour, thickened, raised lumps that may sometimes be itchy or tender. Hypertrophic scars are often mistaken for keloid scars.
Keloid Scars are marked by scarring that goes far beyond the initial point of injury. These scars are the result of an overly aggressive healing process. Keloid scars are most common among those with genetic predisposition (it runs in your family), as well as those with darker skin.
Acne Scars are common in varying severities, however if you have suffered from severe cystic acne, it is not uncommon to be left with the marks.
At 67 Degrees Cosmetic Clinic we are proud to offer the most technologically advanced devices and treatments to remove scars. Since scars can be such a complex condition, and unique to the individual, the best course of action is to speak with one of our licensed specialists to tailor a treatment plan specifically to your needs.
Nordlys Frax or CO2RE are resurfacing laser treatments which work by removing damage skin from the surface to deeper layers into the dermis to stimulate collagen production and remodeling.
Profound RF combines microneedling and radiofrequency for scars by penetrating the skin at a precise depth with tiny needles, then releasing a small burst of radiofrequency energy. This stimulates collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid which will result in resurfacing acne scars.
Dermal Filler may be injected to raise deeply pitted scars. These injections help to volumize the skin by delicately stretching the surface to reduce the intensity of the scars. This method is best when combined with one of the above resurfacing treatments.